1577 1578 1579 - 1580 - 1581 1582 1583
1550s 1560s 1570s - 1580s - 1590s 1600s 1610s
15th century - 16th century - 17th century
- Michel de Montaigne publishes first Essay.
- September 26 - Sir Francis Drake circumnavigated the globe
- 1580-1764 First session if Jewish Waad (Sejm of 4 countries) in Lublin, Poland. 70 delegates of Jewish local kahals met to discuss issue of taxations and other important for Jewish communities issues.
- Portugal looses independence to Spain following the death without heirs of king Henry of Portugal. The Habsburg rule would last until 1640.
- April 18 - baptise of Thomas Middleton - English Elizabethan playwright
- Willebrord van Roijen Snell, Dutch mathematician.
- Frans Hals - Dutch painter, mainly of portraits.
- John Smith of Jamestown
- Andrea Palladio
- August 1 - Albrecht Giese IV
- August 30 - Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy
- November 3 - Jeronimo Zurita y Castro