Coat of Arms of Saskatchewan
The first part of the coat of arms of the province of Saskatchewan, Canada, officially the Arms of Her Majesty in Right of the Province of Saskatchewan, was the shield, which was assigned by royal warrant of King Edward VII on August 25, 1906. It uses the provincial colours, green and gold.
On the gold chief is a lion passant or leopard, a royal symbol of England. (English lions are usually gold with red tongues and claws; however, the default colours for a heraldic lion on a gold field are red with blue tongue and claws.) The three gold sheaves of wheat, or garbs, represent the province's agriculture; the heraldic sheaf of wheat has become a generalized symbol of the province.
The helmet above the shield is gold and faces left, a symbol of Saskatchewan's co-sovereign status in Confederation. The mantling is in Canada's national colours. The crest is a beaver, Canada's national animal, holding a Western red lily, Saskatchewan's provincial flower. The crest is surmounted by a crown, representing royal sovereignty.
Both supporters - a royal lion to the left, and an indigenous white-tailed deer to the right - are wearing collars of First Nations beadwork, from which are suspended the badges of the Order of Saskatchewan. The lion's badge is emblazoned with a maple leaf and the deer's, with a red lily. The supporters stand on a compartment of red lilies.
The motto is Multis e gentibus vires - from many peoples, strength.
The original royal warrant of 1906 blazoned the shield as follows:
- Vert three Garbs in fesse Or, on a Chief of the last a Lion passant guardant Gules.
The royal proclamation of 1986 blazoned the augmentations as follows:
- For the crest: Upon a Helm with a Wreath Argent and Gules a Beaver upholding with its back Our Royal Crown and holding in the dexter fore-claws a Western Red Lily (Lilium philadelphicum andinum) slipped all proper Mantled Gules doubled Argent.
- For the supporters: On the dexter side a Lion Or gorged with a Collar of Prairie Indian beadwork proper and dependent therefrom a six-pointed Mullet faceted Argent fimbriated and garnished Or charged with a Maple leaf Gules and on the sinister side a White tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) proper gorged with a like Collar and dependent therefrom a like Mullet charged with a Western Red Lily slipped and leaved proper.
- For the motto: Beneath the Shield a Scroll entwined with Western Red Lilies slipped and leaved proper inscribed with the Motto MULTIS E GENTIBUS VIRES.
Other Canadian coats of arms
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