1873 1874 1875 - 1876 - 1877 1878 1879
| Decades: |
1840s 1850s 1860s - 1870s - 1880s 1890s 1900s
| Centuries: |
18th century - 19th century - 20th century
- January 31 - The United States orders all Native Americans to move into reservations.
- February 2 - The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs of Major League Baseball is formed.
- February 14 - Alexander Graham Bell applies for a patent for the telephone.
- February 22 - Johns Hopkins University founded in Baltimore, Maryland.
- March 7 - Alexander Graham Bell is granted a patent for an invention he calls the telephone (patent # 174,464).
- March 10 - Alexander Graham Bell makes the first successful telephone call by saying "Mr. Watson, come here, I want to see you."
- April 17 - Six Fenian prisoners escape from a penal colony in Fremantle, Australia with the aid of ship Catalpa.
- May 1 - Turks crush uprising of Bulgar Slavs
- May 11-12 - Berlin Memorandum - Germany, Russia and Austria-Hungary propose armistice between Turkey and its insurgents
- May 16 - British prime minister Benjamin Disraeli rejects Berlin Memorandum
- May 30 - Abd-ul-Aziz, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire is deposed and succeeded by his nephew Murat V.
- June 4 - An express train called the Transcontinental Express arrives in San Francisco, California via the First Transcontinental Railroad only 83 hours and 39 minutes after having left New York City.
- June 17 - Indian Wars: Battle of the Rosebud - 1,500 Sioux and Cheyenne led by Crazy Horse beat back General George Crook forces at Rosebud Creek in Montana Territory.
- June 25 - Indian Wars: Battle of the Little Bighorn. Lieutenant colonel George Armstrong Custer of the US 7th Cavalry Regiment leads a unit of 300 men in battle against the allied forces of Lakota, Cheyenne and Arapaho, counting 5000 men under the leadership of Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse. The latter emerge victorious.
- July 1 - Serbia declares war on Turkey
- July 2 - Montenegro declares war on Turkey
- July 4 - United States Centennial
- July 8 - Reichstadt Agreement between Russia and Austria-Hungary on partitioning the Balkan peninsular.
- August 1 - Colorado is admitted as the 38th U.S. state.
- August 8 - Thomas Edison receives a patent for his mimeograph.
- August 31 - Murat V, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire is deposed and succeeded by his brother Abdul Hamid II.
- September 5 - Gladstone publishes Bulgarian Horrors pamphlet
- September 7 - In Northfield, Minnesota, Jesse James and the James-Younger Gang attempt to rob the town's bank but are surrounded by an angry mob and are nearly wiped out.
- November 7 - U.S. presidential election is held. After long and heated disputes, Rutherford Birchard Hayes would be declared the winner over Samuel Jones Tilden.
- November 23 - Corrupt Tammany Hall leader William Marcy Tweed (better known as Boss Tweed) is delivered to authorities in New York City after being captured in Spain.
- November 25 - Indian Wars: In retaliation for the dramatic American defeat at the Battle of the Little Bighorn, United States Army troops under General Ranald Mackenzie sack Chief Dull Knife's sleeping Cheyenne village at the headwaters of the Powder River (the soldiers destroyed all of the villager's winter food and clothing and then slashed their ponies' throats).
- November 29 - [[Porfirio D�az]] becomes President of Mexico
- December 5 - Fire in theater in Brooklyn, New York City, kills more than 300
- December 23 - Conference of Constantinople about Ottoman treatment of its ethnic minorities begins
- 29 December - The Ashtabula River Railroad bridge disaster, 64 injured, 92 dead at Ashtabula, Ohio.
- Spandau Prison finished
- Paraguay makes peace with Argentina
- Invention of the four-stroke cycle internal combustion engine by Nikolaus Otto
- United States of America Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia
- January 5 - Konrad Adenauer, German chancellor 1949-1963 (d. 1967)
- January 11 - Elmer Flick, baseball player (d. 1971)
- January 12 - Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari, composer
- January 12 - Jack London, author (d. 1916)
- January 29 - Havergal Brian, composer (d. 1972)
- February 19 - Constantin Brancusi, sculptor
- March 1 - Henri de Baillet-Latour, Belgian IOC president
- March 2 - Pope Pius XII, (d. 1958)
- March 4 - [[L�on-Paul Fargue]], poet
- March 11 - Carl Ruggles, composer (d. 1971)
- March 21 - John Tewksbury, American athlete (d. 1968)
- April 4 - Maurice de Vlaminck, lyricist (d. 1958)
- April 22 - Robert_Barany, Nobel Prize winner in medicine
- June 5 - Tony Jackson, jazz musician (d. 1920)
- August 7 - Mata Hari, exotic dancer/spy
- September 15 - Bruno Walter, conductor (d. 1962)
- September 16 – Marvin Hart, future heavyweight boxing champion (d. 1931)
- September 18 - James Scullin, ninth Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1953)
- September 26 - Edith Abbott, social worker, educator, and author (d. 1957)
- November 7 - Culbert Olson, 29th Governor of California.
- November 17 - August Sander - German photographer (d. 1964)
- November 23 - Manuel de Falla, composer (d. 1946)
- November 24 - Walter Burley Griffin, architect
- December 9 - Berton Churchill, pioneer Hollywood actor (d. 1940)
- December 12 - Alvin Kraenzlein, American athlete
- December 21 - Jack Lang, Australian politician (d. 1975)
- December 25 - Muhammed Ali Jinnah, first Governor-General of Pakistan (disputed)
- December 29 - Pablo Casals, Catalan musician
- Alfred Stock, German chemist
- January 16 - Edmund H. Sears, composer
- February 18 - Charlotte Cushman, American stage actress
- June 21 - [[Antonio L�pez de Santa Anna]] seven times President of Mexico, penniless in Mexico City.
- June 25 - George Armstrong Custer, Lieutenant colonel of the US 7th Cavalry Regiment.
- August 2 - Wild Bill Hickok, gunfighter (b. 1837)
- August 6 - George Fruits, the last surviving U.S. veteran of the American Revolutionary War at the age of 114.
- October 1 - James Lick, California land baron.af:1876
bg:1876 ca:1876 cy:1876 da:1876 de:1876 et:1876 el:1876 es:1876 eo:1876 eu:1876 fr:1876 fy:1876 hr:1876 it:1876 he:1876 hu:1876 nl:1876 no:1876 pl:1876 ro:1876 ru:1876 sl:1876 sr:1876 fi:1876 sv:1876 uk:1876 zh:1876年 wa:1876