1875 1876 1877 - 1878 - 1879 1880 1881
| Decades: |
1840s 1850s 1860s - 1870s - 1880s 1890s 1900s
| Centuries: |
18th century - 19th century - 20th century
- January – Cleopatra's Needle arrives in London
- January 9 - Humbert I becomes King of Italy
- January 23 – Disraeli orders British fleet to Dardanelles
- January 28 - The Yale News becomes the first daily, college newspaper in the United States.
- January 31 - Turkey agrees to armistice at Adrianople
- February 2 - Greece declares war on Turkey.
- February 8 - British fleet enters Turkish waters and anchors off Constantinople - Russia threatens to occupy Constantinople but does not carry out the threat
- February 11 - 1st US bicycle club, Boston Bicycle Club, forms.
- February 11 - 1st weekly Weather report published in UK
- February 18 - The Lincoln County War begins in Lincoln County, New Mexico
- February 19 - The phonograph is patented by Thomas Edison
- February 24 - Anti-Russian demonstrations in Hyde Park, London
- February 28 - Mississippi State University is created by the Mississippi Legislature (under the name The Agricultural and Mechanical College of the State of Mississippi)
- March 3 - Bulgaria regained its independence from Ottoman Empire.
- March 3 - Russia arranges Pan-Slavist peace treaty with Turkey at San Stefano
- March 24 - The UK frigate Eurydice sinks, killing 300.
- March 25 - Russia rejects British proposal to lay San Stefano treaty before European congress
- March 27 - In anticipation with war with Russia, Disraeli mobilizes the reserves and calls up Indian troops to Malta
- May 15 - Tokyo Stock Exchange established
- June 4 - Cyprus Convention: The Ottoman Empire cedes Cyprus to the United Kingdom but retains nominal title.
- June 12 - July 12 - Congress of Berlin about Turkey
- July 13 - The Treaty of Berlin makes Serbia completely independent
- July 26 - In California, the poet and American West outlaw calling himself "Black Bart" makes his last clean getaway when he steals a safe box from a Wells Fargo stagecoach. The empty box will be found later with a taunting poem inside.
- September 3 - Over 640 die when the crowded pleasure boat Princess Alice collides with the Bywell Castle in the River Thames.
- October 1 - Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech) opens as Virginia Agricultural and Mechanical College.
- October 15 - The Edison Electric Company begins operation.
- October 17 - John A. Macdonald returns to office as Prime Minister of Canada.
- Newton Heath fonded in that year. Later the team was renamend as Manchester United.
- Yellow fever in Mississippi Valley - over 13.000 dead
- US arbitration rejects Argentinean claims to Paraguay's part of Chaco region
- West Bromwich Albion F.C. play their first match.
- January 6 - Carl Sandburg, poet, historian (d. 1967)
- January 12 - Ferenc Moln�r, author (d. 1952)
- January 20 - Ruth St. Denis, dancer (d. 1968)
- January 25 - Ernst Alexanderson, television pioneer
- February 2 - [[Alfr�d Haj�s]], Hungarian swimmer
- February 5 - [[Andr� Citro�n]], automobile pioneer
- February 8 - Martin Buber, philosopher
- February 14 - Hirota Koki, Japanese prime minister (d. 1948)
- February 26 - Emmy Destinn, opera singer (d. 1930)
- March 16 - Clemens August Graf von Galen, archbishop of [[M�nster]] and cardinal (d. 1946)
- March 22 - Michel Théato, Luxembourg athlete
- March 27 - Sir George Gilbert Scott, architect
- March 31 - Jack Johnson, the first African American to hold a boxing title.
- April 6 - [[Erich M�hsam]], German author (d. 1934)
- April 24 - Jean Crotti, Swiss artist
- May 10 - Gustav Stresemann, politician and recipient of the Nobel Prize in peace 1926 (d. 1929)
- May 26 - Isadora Duncan, dancer (d. 1927)
- July 4 - George M. Cohan, singer, dancer, composer, actor, writer (d. 1942)
- July 24 - Edward Plunkett, Baron Dunsany, Irish author
- August 31 - Frank Jarvis, American athlete (d. 1933)
- September 13 – Matilde Moisant, pioneer aviatrix (d. 1964)
- September 22 - Yoshida Shigeru, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1967)
- October 1 - Othmar Spann, Austrian philosopher and economist
- October 16 - Maxey Long, American athlete
- November 14 - Leopold Staff, Polish poet (d. 1957)
- November 17 - Grace Abbott, social worker, activist (d. 1939)
- December 25 - Louis Chevrolet, automobile builder (d. 1941)
- December 25 - Joseph Schenck, pioneer motion picture executive (d. 1961)
- December 31 - Elizabeth Arden, (d. 1966), beautician, and cosmetics entrepreneur
- February 7 - Pope Pius IX
- April 12 - William Marcy Tweed, American politician, former "Boss" of Tammany Hall.
- December 14 - Princess Alice, Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine, second daughter of Queen Victoria and consort of Ludwig IV, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine.
- Angelo Secchi - pioneer of astronomical spectroscopyaf:1878