1899 1900 1901 - 1902 - 1903 1904 1905
| Decades: |
1870s 1880s 1890s - 1900s - 1910s 1920s 1930s
| Centuries: |
19th century - 20th century - 21st century
- January 28 - The Carnegie Institution is founded in Washington, DC with a $10 million gift from Andrew Carnegie.
- France, Loisy's [[L'�vangile et l'Eglise]] which inaugurates the Modernist Crisis
- February 11 - Police beat up universal suffrage demonstrators in Brussels.
- February 15 – Berlin underground opened
- March 1 - Rear Admiral Frank F. Wildes takes command of the USS Kentucky (BB-6)
- March 10 - Circuit Court's decision disallows Thomas Edison from having a monopoly on motion picture technology.
- March 10 - Boer War: South African Boers win their last battle over British forces, with the capture of a British general and 200 of his men.
- March 31 - Disputed first powered heavier-than-air flight; most date it 1903 if at all
- April 2 - "Electric Theatre", the first movie theater in the United States, opens in Los Angeles, California.
- May 8 - In Martinique, [[Mount Pel�e]] erupts, destroys the town of St. Pierre, and kills over 30,000 people. Only a small handful of St. Pierre's residents survived the blast.
- May 13 - Alfonso XIII of Spain formally begins his reign
- May 15 - In a field outside Grass Valley, California, Lyman Gilmore reportedly becomes the first person to fly a powered airplane (a steam-powered glider).
- May 17 - Archaeologist Spyridon Stais finds the Antikythera mechanism
- May 20 - Cuba gains independence from the United States
- May 29 - Lord Rosebury opens London School of Economics
- May 31 - Peace of Vereeniging ends Second Boer War
- June 15 - The New York Central railroad inaugurates the 20th Century Limited passenger train between Chicago, IL and New York, NY.
- June 16 - Australia: Female British subjects (with the glaring exception of Asians, Aborigines and Africans) won the vote with the Uniform Franchise Act.
- June 26 - Edward VII institutes The Order of Merit
- July 11 - Retirement of Lord Salisbury from the post of British prime minister after almost 14 years
- July 11 - Order of the Garter conferred on Archduke Ferdinand
- August 9 - Edward VII is crowned King of the United Kingdom.
- September 3 - Popular author Sarah Orne Jewett is thrown out of a carriage, virtually ending her writing career.
- October 21 - In the United States, a five month strike by United Mine Workers ends.
- November 30 - American Old West: Second-in-command of Butch Cassidy's Wild Bunch gang, Kid Curry Logan, is sentenced to 20 years hard labor.
- Abdul Aziz Ibn Saud begin to expand what becomes Saudi Arabia
- Roland Molineux, The Knickerbocker Murderer, is acquitted
- US president Roosevelt prosecutes the Northern Securities Company for violation of the Sherman Act
- The catholic church friendly took over-hand in Nauru and then became Nauru's main religion.
- January 6 - Max G�de, attorney (d. 1984)
- January 9 - [[Josemar�a Escriv�]], Spanish priest and founder of Opus Dei.
- January 16 - Eric Liddell, Scottish runner
- January 20 - Nazim Hikmet, lyricist and dramatist (d. 1963)
- January 22 - Daniel Kinsey, American hurdler
- January 31 - Alva Myrdal, politician (d. 1986)
- January 31 - Tallulah Bankhead, actress (d. 1968)
- February 1 - Langston Hughes, writer (d. 1967)
- February 4 - Charles Lindbergh, American aviator (d. 1974)
- February 6 - George Brunies, jazz musician (d. 1974)
- February 8 - Lyle Talbot, actor (d. 1996)
- February 10 - Walter Houser Brattain, scientist, winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1956
- February 11 - Arne Jacobsen, Danish architect/designer
- February 20 - Ansel Adams, photographer (d. 1984)
- February 27 - John Steinbeck American writer
- February 27 - Gene Sarazen, golfer
- March 7 - Heinz R�hmann, actor (d. 1994)
- March 9 - Elisabeth Pelletier de Chambure, wife of Philippe de Rothschild (d. 1945)
- March 9 - Will Geer, actor (d. 1978)
- March 16 - Leon Roppolo, jazz clarinetist (d. 1943)
- March 17 - Bobby Jones, golfer (d. 1971)
- March 21 - Son House, blues musician
- March 24 - Thomas Dewey, politician (d. 1971)
- March 28 - Dame Flora Robson, actress (d. 1984)
- March 29 - William Walton, composer
- March 29 - Marcel Aym�, narrator and dramatist, humorist and satirist (d. 1967)
- March 30 � Brooke Astor, New York City socialite and philanthropist
- April 4 - Louise Leveque de Vilmorin, actress (d. 1969)
- April 13 � Philippe de Rothschild, vineyard operator (d. 1988)
- April 23 - [[Halld�r Laxness]], author (d. 1998)
- May 6 - [[Max Oph�ls]], director (d. 1957)
- May 6 - Harry Golden, U.S. journalist (d. 1981)
- May 10 - Anatole Litvak, film director (d. 1974)
- May 10 - David O. Selznick, Hollywood film producer (d. 1965)
- May 15 - Richard J. Daley, mayor of Chicago, Illinois (d. 1976)
- May 18 - Meredith Willson, composer (d. 1984)
- May 21 - Earl Averill, Baseball Hall of Famer (d. 1983)
- May 21 - Marcel Lajos Breuer, architect (d. 1981)
- May 22 - Al Simmons, Baseball Hall of Famer (d. 1956)
- July 4 - George Murphy, dancer, actor, Senator from California (d. 1992)
- July 4 - Meyer Lansky, mobster (d. 1983)
- July 26 - Gracie Allen, actress, comedienne
- August 8 - Paul Dirac, physicist
- August 10 - Norma Shearer, Academy Award winning actress (d. 1983)
- August 11 - Alfredo Binda, Italian cyclist
- August 19 - Ogden Nash, poet
- August 22 - Leni Riefenstahl, German film director (d. 2003)
- August 25 - Stefan Wolpe, composer (d. 1972)
- September 22 - John Houseman, actor and producer (d. 1988)
- October 5 - Ray Kroc, founder of McDonald's Corporation
- October 25 - Eddie Lang, jazz musician (d. 1933)
- November 2 - Mafalda Maria Elisabetta of Savoy, (d. 1944)
- November 9 - Anthony Asquith British film director, (d. 1968)
- December 2 - Wilfredo Lam, Cuban artist (d. 1982)
- December 5 - Strom Thurmond, United States senator (d. 2003)
- December 20 - Prince George, Duke of Kent (d. 1942)
- December 28 - Mortimer Adler, American Philosopher (d. 2001)
- March 26 - Cecil Rhodes, imperialist
- May 26 - Almon Strowger, developed the Strowger switch
- July 4 - Swami Vivekananda
- September 5 - Rudolf Virchow, German doctor, pathologist, biologist, and politician
- September 29 - Emile Zola, French author
- October 26 - Elizabeth Cady Stanton, women's rights activist
- ? -Jacint Verdaguer, Catalan poet
- December 22 - Richard von Krafft-Ebing, sexologist
- Physics - Hendrik Antoon Lorentz, Pieter Zeeman
- Chemistry - Hermann Emil Fischer
- Medicine - Ronald Ross
- Literature - Christian Matthias Theodor Mommsen
- Peace - [[�lie Ducommun]], Charles Albert Gobataf:1902
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