- January 6-7 - River Thames floods in London - 14 drowned
- January 17 - OGPU arrests Lev Trotsky in Moscow; he assumes a status of passive resistance and is exiled to Turkestan
- February 11 - 1928 Winter Olympic Games open in St. Moritz, Switzerland
- February 12 - Heavy hails kill 11 in England
- February 25 - Charles Jenkins Laboratories of Washington, DC becomes the first holder of a television license from the Federal Radio Commission.
- March 11 - Blizzard in England; In London temperature drops to 9 degrees Celsius
- March 12 - Malta becomes a British dominion
- March 12 - In California, the St. Francis Dam fails killing 400
- March 21 - Charles Lindbergh is presented the Congressional Medal of Honor for his first trans-Atlantic flight.
- April 12 - Bomb attack against the King of Italy in Milan - 17 bystanders dead
- April 22 - Earthquake destroys Corinth - 200.000 buildings destroyed
- May 15-17 - Christian X of Denmark visits Finland
- May 15 - Royal Flying Doctor Service of Australia, commenced operations
- May 15 - Release of the animated short Plane Crazy, featuring the first appearances of Mickey and Minnie Mouse.
- May 23 - Bomb attack against Italian consulate in Buenos Aires - 22 dead, 41 injured
- May 24 - Airship Italia crashes on the North Pole; one of the occupants in Italian general Umberto Nobile
- May 30 - A rescue expedition leaves for the North Pole
- June 11 - Medical doctor's strike beings in Vienna
- June 14 - Students take over the medical wing of Rosario University in Argentina
- July 6 - The then world's largest hailstone falls in Potter, Nebraska.
- July 12 - Mexican aviator Emilio Carranza dies in a solo plane crash in the Pine Barrens of southern New Jersey while returning from a goodwill flight to New York City.
- June 17 - Aviator Amelia Earhart starts her attempt to become the first woman to successfully pilot an aircraft across the Atlantic Ocean (she succeeded the next day).
- June 20 - Shooting incident in Yugoslavian parliament - Punica Rasic shoots 3 opposition representatives and injures three others
- June 24 - Swedish aeroplane rescues part of Italian North Pole expedition, including Umberto Nobile. Soviet icebreaker Krasin saves the rest July 12
- July 16 Leon Toral assassinates Alvaro Obregon, president of Mexico
- July 25 - USA recalls its troops from China
- August 16 - Murderer Carl Panzram is arrested in Washington, DC after killing about 20 people.
- August 25 - Ahmet Zogu proclaims himself King Zog I of Albania; he is crowned September 1
- August 28 - The Kellogg-Briand Pact was signed in Paris - it was the first treaty which outlawed aggressive war.
- September 1 Richard Byrd leaves New York for Arctic
- October 7 - Haile Selassie crowned king (not yet emperor) of Abyssinia
- October 12 - An iron lung respirator is used for the first time at Children's Hospital, Boston.
- November 4 - At Park Central Hotel in Manhattan, Arnold Rothstein, New York City's most notorious gambler, is shot to death over a poker game.
- November 6 - Swedes start a tradition of eating Gustavus Adolphus pastries to commemorate the king.
- November 6 - U.S. presidential election, 1928: Republican Herbert Hoover wins by a wide margin over Democrat Alfred E. Smith.
- November 10 - Michinomiya Hirohito is crowned the 124th Emperor of Japan
- December 3 - In Rio de Janeiro, a seaplane sunk near Cap Arcona with Alberto Santos-Dumont on board.
- December 5 - Police disperses Sicilian gangs' meeting in Cleveland
- December 31 - Bells of Big Ben first time in a radio
- Charles King elected president of Liberia with 600.000 votes; the whole of country has only 15.000 voters
- Building of Maginot Line begins
- Chaco war
- Coca Cola enters Europe through the Amsterdam Olympics
- Eliot Ness begins to lead the prohibition unit in Chicago
- The old Canaanite city of Ugarit is rediscovered.
- Turkey switches from arabic to the latin-based modern Turkish alphabet.
- The right to vote extended to all women in the United Kingdom.
- Frederick Griffith conducted the Griffith experiment indirectly proving existence of DNA.
- Motorola founded.
- First (and last) Best Title Writing Academy Award given.
- The Episcopal Church ratified a new revision of the Book of Common Prayer.
- W2XBS, RCA's first television station, is established in New York City.
Year in topic
- 1928 in aviation
- 1928 in film
- 1928 in literature
- Strange Fugitive by Morley Callaghan
- 1928 in music
- 1928 in science
- 1928 in sports
- 1928 in television
- May 11 - The first regular schedule of TV programming is begun in the United States by the General Electric company. Programs are transmitted Tuesday, Thursday, and Friday afternoons from 1:30 to 3:30 p.m.
- July 12 - First televised tennis match.
- August 22 - Alfred E. Smith accepts the Democratic presidential nomination, with WGY simulcasting the event on radio and Television. This was the first live broadcast and the first television news event.
- September 11 - The first broadcast of a play on television, The Queen's Messenger (W2XAD).
- January 5 - Walter Mondale, U.S. Senator, Democratic presidential nominee in 1984
- January 5 - Ali Bhutto, President and Prime Minister of Pakistan (d. 1979)
- January 7 - William Peter Blatty, screenwriter
- January 8 - Sander Vanocur, journalist
- January 11 - David L. Wolper, producer
- January 16 - William Kennedy, author
- January 17 - [[Jean Barraqu�]], composer (d. 1973)
- January 17 - Vidal Sassoon, cosmetologist
- January 23 - Jeanne Moreau, actress
- January 24 - Desmond Morris, anthropologist, writer
- January 26 - Roger Vadim, film director (d. 2000)
- January 30 - Hal Prince, stage producer, director
- February 5 - Andrew Greeley, priest, novelist
- February 9 - Frank Frazetta, illustrator
- February 9 - Roger Mudd, journalist
- February 11 - Conrad Janis, actor
- February 11 - Archibald Forster, CEO (Esso, United Kingdom)
- February 11 - Gerry Alexander, West Indies cricket player
- February 11 - Raoul Cita, rocker
- February 23 - Vasili Lazarev, cosmonaut (d. 1990)
- February 26 - Fats Domino, musician
- February 26 - Anatoli Filipchenko, cosmonaut
- February 27 - Ariel Sharon, Prime Minister of Israel
- February 27 - Alfred Hrdlicka, sculptor and graphic artist
- March 3 - France Križanič, Slovene mathematician (d. 2002)
- March 4 - Alan Sillitoe, writer
- March 6 - [[Gabriel Garc�a M�rquez]], writer, winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature 1982
- March 8 - Gerald Bull, engineer (d. 1990)
- March 10 - James Earl Ray, assassin (d. 1998)
- March 12 - Edward Albee, dramatist
- March 19 - [[Hans K�ng]], theologian
- March 19 - Patrick McGoohan, actor
- March 20 - Fred Rogers, children's television host (d. 2003)
- March 25 - Jim Lovell, astronaut
- March 28 - Zbigniew Brzezinski, United States National Security Advisor
- March 31 - Gordie Howe, ice hockey player
- March 31 - Lefty Frizzell, country music performer
- April 1 - Jane Powell, dancer, actress, singer
- April 2 - Serge Gainsbourg, singer (d. 1991)
- April 4 - Maya Angelou, poet, novelist
- April 6 - James D. Watson, geneticist
- April 7 - James Garner, actor
- April 7 - Alan J. Pakula, producer, director (d. 1998)
- April 9 - Tom Lehrer, satirical songwriter
- May 8 - Theodore Sorenson, political operative, writer
- May 9 - Pancho Gonzalez, tennis player (d. 1995)
- May 9 - Barbara Ann Scott, figure skater
- May 11 - Mort Sahl, comedian, political commentator
- May 12 - Burt Bacharach, composer
- May 16 - Billy Martin, baseball player, coach (d. 1989)
- May 18 - Pernell Roberts, actor
- May 23 - Nigel Davenport, actor
- May 23 - Rosemary Clooney, singer, actress (d. 2002)
- May 26 - Jack Kevorkian, assisted suicide advocate
- June 1 - Georgi Dobrovolski, cosmonaut
- July 26 - Stanley Kubrick, American film director (d. 1999)
- July 26 - Bernice Rubens, British novelist (d. 2004)
- August 6 - Andy Warhol, American artist (d. 1987)
- August 10 - Eddie Fisher, American singer
- August 15 - Nicolas Roeg, film director
- August 18 - Marge Schott, former owner of MLB's Cincinnati Reds (d. 2004)
- September 14 - The Rt Hon Sir Angus Ogilvy KCVO, husband of HRH Princess Alexandra of Kent
- September 15 - Julian Cannonball Adderley, American saxophonist
- September 19 - Adam West, actor
- September 22 - James Lawson, civil rights activist, minister
- October 1 - George Peppard, actor
- October 8 - Bill Maynard, actor
- October 9 - Einojuhani Rautavaara, composer
- November 3 - Osamu Tezuka Japanese manga artist
- November 3 - George Yardley NBA Hall of famer. (d. 2004)
- November 10 - Ennio Morricone, film music composer
- December 7 - Noam Chomsky, linguist and political dissident
- December 15 - Friedensreich Hundertwasser, Austrian artist
- Sultan Azlan Muhibbudin Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Yusuff Izzudin Shah Ghafarullahu-lahu, later Sultan of Perak and 9th Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia.
- January 1 - Loie Fuller, dancer
- January 6 - Alvin Kraenzlein, American athlete
- January 11 - Thomas Hardy, writer
- January 29 - Douglas Haig, British soldier
- February 1 - Hughie Jennings, Baseball Hall of Famer (b. 1869)
- February 4- Hendrik Lorentz, Dutch physicist and Nobel laureate
- February 15 - Herbert Henry Asquith, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
- February 16 - Eddie Foy, vaudevillian, singer, dancer
- June 4 - Chang Tso-lin, Chineese warlord
- August 12 - Leos Janacek, Czech composer
- August 30 - Wilhelm Wien, physicist (b. 1864)
- October 22 - Andrew Fisher, fifth Prime Minister of Australia
- December 1 - [[Jos� Eustasio Rivera]], Colombian writer (b. 1888)
- Physics - Owen Willans Richardson
- Chemistry - Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus
- Medicine - Charles Jules Henri Nicolle
- Literature - Sigrid Undset
- Peace - Not awarded.af:1928
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