1934 1935 1936 - 1937 - 1938 1939 1940
| Decades: |
1900s 1910s 1920s - 1930s - 1940s 1950s 1960s
| Centuries: |
19th century - 20th century - 21st century
- January 1 - Anastasio Somoza becomes President of Nicaragua
- January 11 - The first issue of Look magazine goes on sale in the United States.
- January 19 - Howard Hughes sets a new air record by flying from Los Angeles to New York City in 7 hours, 28 minutes and 25 seconds.
- January 23 - In Moscow, 17 leading Communists go on trial accused of participating in a plot led by Leon Trotsky to overthrow Joseph Stalin's regime and assassinate its leaders.
- January 31 - Ohio river floods
- January 31 - 31 people executed in Soviet Union for "Trotskyism"
- February 5 - President Franklin D. Roosevelt proposes a plan to enlarge the Supreme Court of the United States.
- February 8 - Falangist troops take Malaga
- February 11 - A sit-down strike ends when General Motors recognises the United Automobile Workers Union
- February 16 - Wallace H. Carothers receives a patent for nylon.
- March 10 - The Encyclical Mit Brennender Sorge of pope Pius XI is published in Nazi Germany
- March 18 - A natural gas explosion at a school in New London, Texas kills 298 (most are children).
- March 26 - In Crystal City, Texas spinach growers erect a statue of the cartoon character Popeye.
- March 26 - William Henry Hastie becomes the first African-American appointed to federal judgeship.
- April 1 - Aden becomes a British crown colony.
- April 17 - Release of the animated short Porky's Duck Hunt, directed by Tex Avery for the Merrie Melodies series, featuring the debut of Daffy Duck.
- April 26 - Spanish Civil War: Guernica, Spain is bombed by German Luftwaffe.
- April 27 - Golden Gate bridge opene for traffic
- May 1 - General strike in Paris, France
- May 6 - In United States, the German airship Hindenburg bursts into flame when mooring to a mast in Lakehurst.
- May 7 - Spanish Civil War: The German Condor Legion Fighter Group, equipped with Heinkel He 51 biplanes arrive in Spain to assist Francisco Franco's forces.
- May - [[D�il �ireann]] passes the Executive Authority (Consequential Provisions) Act, 1937 which retrospectively abolished the office of Governor-General of the Irish Free State. The abolition was retrospectively dated back to December 1936.
- May 12 - Coronation of King George VI.
- May 27 - In California, the Golden Gate Bridge opens to pedestrian traffic creating a vital link between San Francisco and Marin County. The next day, President Franklin D. Roosevelt pushes a button in Washington, DC signaling the start of vehicle traffic over the Bridge.
- June 8 - First total solar eclipse to exceed 7 minutes of totality in over 800 years; visible in the Pacific and Peru.
- June 14 - Pennsylvania becomes the first (and only) of the United States to celebrate Flag Day officially as a state holiday.
- June 21 - Coalition government of Leon Blum resigns in France
- July 1 - Gestapo arrests priest [[Martin Niem�ller]]
- July 1 - In a referendum the people of the Irish Free State accept the new Constitution by 685,105 votes to 527,945.
- July 5 - Highest recorded temperature in Canada, at Yellow Grass, Saskatchewan: 45 °C.
- July 7 - Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Lugou Bridge - Japanese forces invade China.
- June/July - D�il �ireann debates and passes the draft new constitution of �ire, to be called [[Bunreacht na h�ireann]]. The new constitution is then submitted for public approval by plebiscite.
- July 21 - Eamon de Valera elected president of Eire
- July 22 - New Deal: The United States Senate votes down President Franklin D. Roosevelt's proposal to add more justices to the Supreme Court of the United States.
- July 24 - Alabama drops rape charges against the so-called "Scottsboro Boys."
- July 28 - IRA bombing against the king of England in Belfast
- August 6 - Falangist artillery bombards Madrid
- September 25 - Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Pingxingguan
- October 1 - Marijuana Tax Act in USA
- October 3 - Japanese troops advance toward Nanking
- October 21 - The whole Spanish northern seaboard in the Falangists' hands
- October 21 - Roberto Ortiz elected president of Argentina
- October 27 - Spanish Civil War - Republican forces in Gijon, Spain, set fire to petrol reserves before they retreat before the advancing Falangists
- November 5 Spanish Civil War - Massacre of Republican supporters in Piedrafita de Babia, near Leon. Possibly 35.000 executed
- November 5 - World War II: In the Reich Chancellery, Adolf Hitler holds a secret meeting and states his plans for acquiring "living space" for the German people
- November 9 - Japanese troops take Shanghai
- December - The Marijuana Tax Act is signed, killing the US hemp industry just as it was about to benefit from a mechanised brake and compete with cotton and wood pulp.
- December 3 - The Dandy, the world's longest running comic, was first published.
- December 12 - Panay incident
- December 13 - Battle of Nanjing ends and the Nanjing Massacre, also called the Rape of Nanking, begins. Japanese troops would slaughter over 250,000 civilians and prisoners over three months.
- December 29 - New Irish Constitution, [[Bunreacht na h�ireann]] comes into force. The Irish Free State becomes [[�ire]]. Eamon de Valera becomes the first Taoiseach (prime minister) of the new state. A Presidential Commission (made up the Irish Chief Justice, the Speaker of D�il �ireann and the President of the High Court) assumes the powers of the new presidency of Ireland pending the election of the first president in June 1938.
- Japan invades Manchuria. (Some consider this the start of World War II. Most historians disagree).
- New Irish constitution bans divorce
- First science fiction convention in Leeds, United Kingdom
- Italy joins Antikomintern Pact
- The National House Builders Registration Council (now the NHBC) was formed in the United Kingdom
Year in topic
- 1937 in film
- 1937 in literature
- 1937 in music
- 1937 in sports
- 1937 in television
- May - Gilbert Seldes becomes the first television critic, with his Atlantic Monthly article, the "Errors of Television".
- May 15 - RCA demonstrates projection television, with images enlarged to 8 by 10 feet, at the Institute of Radio Engineers convention.
- CBS announces their efforts to develop television broadcasts
- 1937 in theatre
- January 4 - Dyan Cannon, actress
- January 8 - Shirley Bassey, singer
- January 15 - Margaret O'Brien, actress
- January 17 - Troy Donahue, actor
- January 18 - John Hume, politician, winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1998
- January 30 - Vanessa Redgrave, actress
- January 30 - Boris Spassky, chess grand master
- January 31 - Suzanne Pleshette, actress
- January 31 - Philip Glass, composer
- February 1 - Garrett Morris, comedian
- February 1 - Don Everly, musician
- February 2 - Tom Smothers, musician, comedian, half of the Smothers Brothers
- February 8 - Manfred Krug, actor
- February 11 - Bill Lawry, Australian cricket player.
- February 11 - Lodewijk Boer, Dutch violinist/playwright.
- February 11 - Marilyn Butler, Rector of Exeter College, Oxford University.
- February 11 - Peter Lashley, West Indies cricket player.
- February 12 - Charles Dumas, American high jumper
- February 17 - Rita S�ssmuth, politician
- February 20 - Nancy Wilson (singer), singer and actress
- February 20 - Roger Penske, automobile racer
- February 21 - Harald V, King of Norway (1991 - )
- February 25 - Tom Courtenay, actor
- March 6 - Valentina Tereshkova, cosmonaut
- March 9 - Mickey Gilly, country music performer
- March 20 - Jerry Reed, country musician
- March 22 - Armin Hary, German athlete
- March 30 - Warren Beatty, actor/director
- April 5 - Colin Powell, US Secretary of State
- April 6 - Merle Haggard, country musician
- April 6 - Billy Dee Williams, actor
- April 22 - Jack Nicholson, actor
- April 28 - Saddam Hussein, former President of Iraq
- May 8 - Thomas Pynchon, novelist
- May 6 - Rubin 'Hurricane' Carter, boxer
- May 12 - George Carlin, comedian
- May 13 - Roch Carrier, Canadian author of fiction
- May 13 - Roger Zelazny, science fiction author (d. 1995)
- May 15 - Trini L�pez, musician
- May 15 - Madeleine Albright, U.S. Secretary of State
- May 17 - Hazel R. O'Leary, United States Secretary of Energy
- May 18 - Brooks Robinson, Baseball Hall of Famer
- May 18 - Jacques Santer, politician
- June 3 - Solomon P. Ortiz, American politician
- June 9 - Harald Rosenthal, biologist
- June 18 - Vitali Zholobov, cosmonaut
- July 6 - Vladimir Ashkenazy, pianist
- July 6 - Ned Beatty, actor
- July 7 - Tung Chee-Hwa, first Chief executive of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China
- July 9 - David Hockney, artist
- July 12 - Lionel Jospin, Prime Minister of France
- July 12 - Bill Cosby, actor, comedian
- August 4 - David Bedford, musician
- August 8 - Dustin Hoffman, American actor
- August 18 - Robert Redford, American actor
- September 4 - Dawn Fraser, Australian swimmer
- September 15 - [[Fernando de la R�a]], former president of Argentina
- September 28 - Rod Roddy, television announcer (d. 2003)
- October 5 - Barry Switzer, American football coach
- October 10 - Bobby Charlton, English footballer
- November 8 - Paul Mackintosh Foot, British radical investigative journalist, political campaigner, and long time member of the Socialist Workers Party (SWP).
- November 15 - Yaphet Kotto, actor (Homicide: Life on the Street)
- November 17 - Peter Cook, comedian, satirist and writer
- November 26 - Boris Yegorov, cosmonaut
- November 22 - Carol Joan Stafford, secretary, business manager, Peace Corps Volunteer, wife, mother, grandmother, friend, life long student
- December 3 - Bobby Allison, NASCAR driver
- December 8 - [[Arne N�ss Jr.]], Norwegian mountaineer, businessman (d. 2004)
- December 26 - Katharine Dickson Dukakis, wife of Michael Dukakis (or 1936).
- December 29 - Maumoon Abdul Gayoom, President of the Maldives
- January 6 - Brother Andre, Canadian religious figure
- January 23 - Marie Prevost, actress
- February 11 - Walter Burley Griffin, architect and town planner
- March 12 - Charles-Marie Widor, organist and composer
- March 15 - H. P. Lovecraft, horror writer
- March 29 - Karol Szymanowski, composer
- April 19 - William Martin Conway, British art critic and mountaineer
- May 23 - John Davison Rockefeller, American industrialist and philanthropist.
- May 28 - Alfred Adler, psychologist
- June 19 - J. M. Barrie, novelist and dramatist
- July 9 - Oliver Law, first African American commander of American troops, killed in battle during the Spanish Civil War.
- July 11 - George Gershwin, composer (b. 1898)
- August 11 - Edith Wharton, writer
- September 2 - Pierre de Coubertin, French founder of the modern Olympic Games
- September 26 - Bessie Smith, blues singer
- September 29 - Ray Ewry, American athlete
- Guglielmo Marconi, italian inventor, "the father of radio"
- Physics - Clinton Joseph Davisson, George Paget Thomson
- Chemistry - Walter Haworth, Paul Karrer
- Medicine - [[Albert Szent-Gy�rgyi|Albert von Szent-Gy�rgyi Nagyrapolt]]
- Literature - Roger Martin du Gard
- Peace - Robert Cecilaf:1937
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