1946 1947 1948 - 1949 - 1950 1951 1952
| Decades: |
1910s 1920s 1930s - 1940s - 1950s 1960s 1970s
| Centuries: |
19th century - 20th century - 21st century
- January 4 - RMS Caronia of the Cunard Line departs Southampton for New York on her maiden voyage
- January 4 - February 22 - Series of winter storms in Nebraska, Wyoming, South Dakota, Utah, Colorado and Nevada - winds of up to 72 mph - tens of thousands of cattle and sheep perish
- January 5 - U.S. President Harry S. Truman unveils his Fair Deal program.
- January 11 - Los Angeles, California receives its first recorded snowfall.
- January 25 - The first Emmy Awards are presented at the Hollywood Athletic Club.
- January 25 - In the first Israeli election, David Ben-Gurion becomes Prime Minister.
- January 26 - Australian Citizenship comes into being.
- February 8 - [[J�zsef Mindszenty|Cardinal Mindszenty]] of Hungary is sentenced to life imprisonment for treason against the Hungarian Communist government.
- February 1 - Rationing of clothes ends in Britain
- February 12 - The Vatican announces the excommunication of all persons involved in the trial and conviction of Cardinal Mindszenty.
- February 14 - The Knesset (Israeli parliament) first convenes.
- February 14 - Antonio Carmona re-elected president of Portugal for lack of opposing candidate
- February 19 - Ezra Pound is awarded the first Bollingen Prize in poetry by the Bollingen Foundation and Yale University.
- March 1 - World heavyweight boxing champion Joe Louis announces his retirement from boxing.
- March 1 - Indonesia seizes Yogyakarta from the Dutch
- March 1-2 - US Air Force crew under Captain James Gallagher completes the first round-the-world non-stop flight in a plane Lucky Lady II; it was refueled in flight four times
- March 2 - The B-50 Superfortress Lucky Lady II lands in Fort Worth, Texas after completing the first non-stop around-the-world airplane flight.
- March 3 - The Tucker automobile Corporation folds.
- March 12 - The Chicago, Burlington & Quincy, Denver & Rio Grande Western and Western Pacific railroads inaugurate the California Zephyr passenger train between Chicago, IL and Los Angeles, CA as the first train to feature Vista Dome cars as regular equipment.
- March 28 - United States Secretary of Defense James Forrestal resigns suddenly.
- April 1 - Newfoundland joins Canada.
- April 1 - Southern Ireland leaves the Commonwealth and becomes the Republic of Ireland
- April 4 - NATO is formed.
- April 18 - Eire formally became the Republic of Ireland.
- April 23 - Chinese communist troops take Nanking
- May 5 - The Council of Europe is founded by the signing of the Treaty of London.
- May 9 - Rainier III of Monaco becomes Prince of Monaco.
- May 11 - Israel is admitted to the U.N. as its 59th member.
- May 11 - Siam changes its name to Thailand.
- May 11 - Israel joins United Nations
- May 12 - Cold War: The Soviet Union lifts its Blockade of Berlin.
- May 20 - The AFSA (predecessor of the NSA) is established.
- May 22 - After two months in Bethesda Naval Hospital, James Forrestal commits suicide, under circumstances that seem suspicious to many.
- May 23 - The Federal Republic of Germany is established.
- June - EDSAC, the first stored-program computer, begins operation at Cambridge University.
- June 2 - Transjordan becomes kingdom of Jordan
- June 6 - With the passage of the Bodh Gaya Temple Act by the Indian government, Mahabodhi Temple is restored to partial Buddhist control.
- June 8 - Red Scare: Such celebrities as Helen Keller, Dorothy Parker, Danny Kaye, Fredric March, John Garfield, Paul Muni and Edward G. Robinson are named in an FBI report as Communist Party members.
- June 29 - Last US troops withdraw from South Korea
- June 29 - Dock strike in the UK
- June 29 - Beginning of Apartheid - The South African Citizenship Act suspends the granting of citizenship to British Commonwealth immigrants after five years and imposes a ban on mixed marriages
- August 5 - In Ecuador an earthquake destroys 50 towns and kills more than 8000
- August 8 - Bhutan becomes independent
- August 14 - Gang of Salvatore Giuliano explodes mines under police barracks outside Palermo, Sicily
- August 14 - Military coup in Syria ousts the president
- August 28 - Last surviving veterans of the United States Civil War meet in Indianapolis - all six
- August 29 - First meeting of the Council of Europe
- August 29 - Soviet Union tests its first atomic bomb.
- September 6 - Allied military authorities relinquish control of former Nazi Germany assets back to German control.
- September 7 - Federal Republic of Germany officially founded. Konrad Adenauer is the first federal chancellor
- September 9 - Dynamite bomb destroys Canadian Pacific Airlines Dakota near Quebec
- September 13 - Soviet Union vetoes United Nations membership of Ceylon, Finland, Iceland, Italy, Jordan and Portugal
- September 24 - Laszlo Rajik, ex-foreign minister of Hungary, in sentenced to death
- September 29 - First Plenary Session of the National People's Congress approves design for the Flag of the People's Republic of China.
- September 29 - Mrs. Iva Toguri D'Aquino is found guilty of broadcasting for Japan as "Tokyo Rose" during World War II.
- October 1 - Birth of the People's Republic of China.
- October 7 - Democratic Republic of Germany DDR established officially
- October 13 - Severe flooding in Guatemala
- October 16 - Civil war ends in Greece - communist troops surrender
- October 17 - Chinese communist troops take Canton,_China
- November 26 - The Indian Constituent Assembly adopts India's constitution. 
- December 8 - Nationalist Chinese finis their evacuation to Taiwan
- December 14 - Traicho Kostov, ex-vice prime minister of Bulgaria, is sentenced to death
- December 15 - Typhon strikes fishing fleet off Korea - several thousand reported dead
- December 16 - Sukarno elected president of Republic of Indonesia
- December 17 - Burma recognizes People's Republic of China
- December 27 - Queen Juliana of the Netherlands grants Indonesia sovereignty.
- December 30 - India recognizes People's Republic of China
- The Fourth Geneva Convention is signed.
Year in topic
- 1949 in film
- 1949 in literature
- 1949 in music
- 1949 in sports
- 1949 in television
- January 3 - Colgate Theatre premieres on NBC.
- January 11 - A 2 hour special on all networks celebrates the linking of the eastern and midwestern networks via coaxial cable
- January 17 - The Goldbergs, the first sitcom on American television, airs.
- January 31 - The first Emmy Awards are presented and broadcasted on television from Los Angeles
- May - The first telethon, benefitting the Damon Runyon Cancer Fund, is hosted by Milton Berle and lasts for 24 hours
- August 25 - RCA announces the development of a compatible color TV system.
- December 29 - KC2XAK of Bridgeport, Connecticut becomes the first Ultra high frequency (UHF) television station to operate a daily schedule.
- January 8 - Wolfgang Puck, celebrity chef
- January 10 - George Foreman, boxer
- January 10 - James Lapine, stage director
- January 10 - Linda Lovelace, pornographic film actress (d. 2002)
- January 12 - Wayne Wang, director
- January 13 - Brandon Tartikoff, television executive (d. 1997)
- January 14 - Lawrence Kasdan, director, screenwriter
- January 17 - Andy Kaufman, comedian (d. 1984)
- January 18 - Philippe Starck, French designer
- January 19 - Robert Palmer, singer, guitarist (d. 2003)
- January 20 - [[G�ran Persson]], prime minister of Sweden
- January 24 - John Belushi, actor (d. 1982)
- January 31 - Ken Wilber, philosopher
- February 2 - Brent Spiner, actor (Star Trek: The Next Generation, Independence Day)
- February 11 - Charlie Hargrett, rock guitarist
- February 18 - Gary Ridgway, accused of being the Green River Killer
- February 19 - Dan Bunten, software developer (d. 1998)
- February 22 - Niki Lauda, Formula One driver
- March 2 - Eddie Money, singer
- March 2 - JPR Williams, Welsh rugby player
- March 6 - Shaukat Aziz, politician
- March 7 - Ghulam Nabi Azad, Indian politician
- March 13 - Julia Migenes, soprano
- March 16 - Erik Estrada, actor
- March 16 - Victor Garber, actor
- March 17 - Patrick Duffy, actor
- March 22 - Fanny Ardant, actress
- March 23 - Ric Ocasek, musician ("The Cars")
- March 24 - Nick Lowe, musician
- March 26 - Patrick S�skind, writer (The Perfume)
- March 30 - Lene Lovich, singer
- March 31 - Bethel Enproe Adam, second Angam Baby
- April 1 - Gil Scott-Heron, musician, composer
- April 3 - Richard Thompson, musician, songwriter
- April 7 - John Oates, musician ("Hall and Oates")
- April 16 - Sandy Hawley, jockey
- May 4 - John Force, NHRA drag racer
- May 9 - Billy Joel, American musician
- May 18 - Rick Wakeman, musician ("Yes"), composer
- May 18 - Bill Wallace, musician The Guess Who, Winnipeg
- May 19 - Archie Manning, American football quarterback
- May 26 - Philip Michael Thomas, actor
- May 26 - Hank Williams Jr., singer
- May 31 - Tom Berenger, actor
- July 3 - Jan Smithers, actress (WKRP in Cincinnati)
- June 13 - Ann Druyan, science fiction writer
- June 21 - Jane Urquhart, Canadian author
- July 15 - Carl Bildt, former prime minister of Sweden
- July 17 - Charlie Steiner, sports anchor
- July 22 - Alan Menken, composer
- August 7 - Walid Jumblatt, leader of the Lebanese Druze
- August 12 - Mark Knopfler, musician
- August 15 - Richard Deacon, sculptor
- August 23 - Shelley Long, actress
- August 25 - Martin Amis, novelist
- September 1 - P.A. Sangma, Indian politician
- September 7 - Lee McGeorge Durrell author, television presenter, zookeeper
- September 7 - Gloria Gaynor, singer
- September 15 - Joe Barton, American politician
- September 23 - Bruce Springsteen, singer, songwriter
- September 27 - Mike Schmidt, Baseball Hall of Famer
- October 1 - Isaac Bonewits, author, occultist
- October 2 - Lorraine Bracco, actress
- October 20 - Valeri Borzov, Ukrainian athlete
- November 5 - Armin Shimerman, actor (Star Trek: Deep Space Nine)
- November 6 - Arturo Sandoval, Jazz performer
- November 24 - Nicholas Richard Ainger, British politician
- November 24 - Linda Tripp, figure in Lewinsky scandal
- December 3 - John Akii-Bua Ugandan hurdler
- December 4 - Jeff Bridges, actor
- December 4 - Pamela Stephenson, Comedienne, actress and singer
- December 7 - Tom Waits, singer, composer, actor
- December 11 - Donna Mills,US actress
- December 12 - Bill Nighy, actor
- December 15 - Don Johnson, actor (Miami Vice)
- December 22 - Maurice Gibb, musician (The Bee Gees) (d. 2003)
- December 22 - Robin Gibb, musician (The Bee Gees)
- December 24 - Randy Neugebauer, American politician
- January 6 - Victor Fleming, director
- January 11 - Nelson Doubleday, U.S. book publisher
- January 14 - [[Joaqu�n Turina]], composer
- January 28 - Jean-Pierre Wimille, race car driver
- April 19 - Ulrich Salchow, Swedish figure skater
- May 9 - Louis II of Monaco
- May 22 - James Forrestal, US secretary of Navy, Defense
- June 10 - Sigrid Undset, Norwegian author
- July 12 - Douglas Hyde, first President of Ireland
- July 18- [[Vitezslav Nov�k]], composer
- August 18 - Paul Mares, jazz musician (b. 1900)
- October 27 - Marcel Cerdan, World Champion Boxer
- December 16 - Sidney Olcott, pioneer film director
- December 28 - Jack Lovelock, New Zealand athlete
- Bhattacharya, K C
The Nobel Prize in 1949 was approx. $ 30,000
- Physics - Yukawa Hideki
- Chemistry - William Francis Giauque
- Medicine - Walter Rudolf Hess, Antonio Caetano De Abreu Freire Egas Moniz
- Literature - William Faulkner
- Peace - John Boyd Orraf:1949
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