|Total speakers:||500 Thousand|
|Ranking:||Not in top 100|
|Official language of:||-|
Breton is not thought to be a modern-day descendant of any continental Celtic language such as Gaulish, though evidently it has borrowed some features from it, but it is rather descended from insular Brythonic. The other regional language (Gallo) derives from Latin.
Although most Bretons no longer speak Breton, an effort has been underway for several years to begin teaching the language in schools to keep it alive.
Breton is spoken mainly in Western Brittany, but also dispersed in Eastern Brittany, and in areas around the world where there are Breton emigrants.
Breton is not an official language of France, although there is a strong nationalistic movement and others demanding recognition, a place in the schools, media, and public life.
An attempt by the French government to incorporate the independent Breton-language immersion schools (called Diwan) into the state education system was blocked by the French Constitutional Council on the grounds that, as the Constitution of the 5th Republic states that French is the language of the Republic, no other language may be used as a language of instruction in state schools.
However, the regional and departmental authorities, in as far as they feel able, use Breton to a limited extent in signage (especially for tourism reasons). Some bilingual signage may be seen - for example one station of the Rennes metro system has signage in French and Breton.
The dialects of Breton identified by the Ethnologue are Leonais, Tregorrois, Vannetais, and Cornouaillais.
Breton is written using the Latin alphabet.
Visitors to Brittany may encounter words and phrases (especially on signs and posters) such as the following:
|da bep tu||all directions|
|fest-noz||ceilidh, traditional concert/dance|
- Ethnologue report for Breton
- Breton site including online lessons
- Breton - English Dictionary: from Webster's Online Dictionary - the Rosetta Edition.
- Breton Wikipediabr:Brezhoneg