Knut Hamsun

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File:Hamsun.jpg
Knut Hamsun (31 years old) in 1890

Knut Hamsun (August 4, 1859 - February 19, 1952) was a leading Norwegian author, born in Lom under the name of Knud Pedersen.

He first received acclaim for his 1890 novel Sult, translated as Hunger. The semi-autobiographical work described a young writer's descent into near madness as a result of hunger and poverty. In many ways, the novel presages the writings of Franz Kafka and other twentieth-century novelists, who explored the madness of the contemporary human condition. The book has since become one of the most influential novels of the 20th century.

Other important works by Hamsun include Pan (1894) and The Growth of the Soil (1917), for which he received the Nobel Prize in literature in 1920.

Despite his immense popularity in Norway and around the world, Hamsun's reputation waned considerably because of his support of Vidkun Quisling's Nazi regime during World War II. Following a meeting with Joseph Goebbels in 1943, he sent Goebbels his Nobel Prize medal as a gift. Hamsun did meet with Adolf Hitler, however, and tried to have him remove Josef Terboven from the position of Reichskommissar of Norway.

After the war, he was confined for several months in a psychiatric hospital for tests to determine his sanity. However, in 1948 he was fined 325,000 kroner for collaboration.

A Danish author Thorkil Hansen investigated and wrote a book about this: The Trial Against Hamsun (1978), which created a turmoil in Norway. Among other things Hansen stated: "If you want to meet idiots, go to Norway", since he felt that treating an old man like that was outrageous. In 1996 the Swedish director Jan Troell released a movie: Hamsun based upon Hansen's book, in which Max von Sydow plays Hamsun.

Bibliography

1877: Den Gaadefulde. En kj�rlighedshistorie fra Nordland (Published under Knud Pedersen)
1878: Et Gjensyn (Published under Knud Pedersen Hamsun)
1878: Bj�rger (Published under Knud Pedersen Hamsun)
1889: Lars Oftedal. Udkast (11 articles, earlier printed in Dagbladet)
1889: Fra det moderne Amerikas Aandsliv
1890: Sult
1892: Mysterier
1893: Redakt�r Lynge
1893: Ny Jord
1894: Pan
1895: Ved Rigets Port
1896: Livets Spil
1897: Siesta
1898: Aftenr�de. Slutningspil
1898: Victoria. En kj�rlighedshistorie
1902: Munken vendt. Brigantines saga I
1903: I �ventyrland. Oplevet og dr�mt i Kaukasier
1903: Dronning Tamara (Play in three acts)
1903: Kratskog
1904: Det vilde Kor (Poems)
1904: Sv�rmere
1905: Stridende Liv. Skildringer fra Vesten og �sten
1906: Under H�ststj�rnen. En Vandrers Fort�lling
1908: Benoni
1908: Rosa. Af student P�relius' papirer
1909: En Vandrer spiller med Sordin
1910: Livet i vold (Play in four acts)
1912: Den sidste Gl�de
1913: B�rn av Tiden
1915: Segelfoss By 1
1915: Segelfoss By 2
1917: Markens Gr�de 1
1917: Markens Gr�de 2
1918: Sproget i fare
1920: Konerne ved Vandposten I
1920: Konerne ved Vandposten II
1923: Siste Kapitel I
1923: Siste Kapitel II
1927: Landstrykere I
1927: Landstrykere II
1930: August I
1930: August II
1933: Men Livet lever I
1933: Men Livet lever I
1936: Ringen Sluttet
1949: Paa gjengrodde Stier

External links

da:Knut Hamsun de:Knut Hamsun es:Knut Pedersen Hamsun eo:Knut HAMSUN fr:Knut Hamsun he:קנוט האמסון nl:Knut Hamsun no:Knut Hamsun fi:Knut Hamsun sv:Knut Hamsun

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