Space station

From Bvio.com

Jump to: navigation, search

A space station is a man-made structure that is designed for human beings to live on in outer space. A space station is distinguished from other manned spacecraft by its lack of major propulsion or landing facilities - instead, other vehicles are used as transport to and from the station. Space stations are designed for medium-term living in orbit, for periods of weeks, months, or even years.

Space stations are used to study the effects of long-term space flight on the human body as well as to provide platforms for greater number and length of scientific studies than available on other space vehicles.

Past and present space stations:

Additionally, Bigelow Aerospace is commercially developing inflatable habitat modules, intended to be used for space station construction.

Since the flight of Soyuz 11/Salyut 1, all manned spaceflight duration records have been set aboard space stations. The duration record of 437.7 days was set aboard Mir in 1994-1995. As of 2003, 3 astronauts have completed single missions of over a year, all aboard the space station Mir.

Some space station designs have been proposed which are intended as long-term space habitats for large numbers of people, essentially "cities in space" where people would make their homes. Thus far all such designs are only hypothetical, and have never been seriously considered for actual implementation.

List of occupied space stations

Space
Station
Launched Reentered Days in
orbit
Days
occupied
Total crew
and visitors
Visitng
crewed
spacecraft
Visiting
uncrewed
spacecraft
Mass
kg
Salyut 1 April 19, 1971
01:40:00 UTC
October 11, 1971
00:00:00 UTC
175 24 3 2 0 18,425
Skylab May 14, 1973
17:30:00UTC
July 11, 1979
00:00:00 UTC
2,249 171 9 3 0 77,088
Salyut 3 June 25, 1974
22:38:00 UTC
January 24, 1975
00:00:00 UTC
213 15 2 1 0 18,500
Salyut 4 December 26, 1974
04:15:00 UTC
February 3, 1977
00:00:00 UTC
770 92 4 2 1 18,500
Salyut 5 June 22, 1976
18:04:00 UTC
August 8, 1977
00:00:00 UTC
412 67 4 2 0 19,000
Salyut 6 September 29, 1977
06:50:00 UTC
July 29, 1982
00:00:00 UTC
1,764 683 33 16 14 19,000
Salyut 7 April 19, 1982
19:45:00 UTC
February 7, 1991
00:00:00 UTC
3,216 816 26 12 15 19,000
Mir February 19, 1986
21:28:23 UTC
March 23, 2001
05:50:00 UTC
5,511 4,594 137 39 68 124,340
ISS November 20, 1998
21:28:23 UTC
Data as of
October 24, 2004
2,165 1,452 130 25 18 187,016

da:Rumstation de:Raumstation it:Stazione spaziale fr:Station spatiale ja:宇宙ステーション nl:Ruimtestation pl:Stacja orbitalna sv:Rymdstation zh:空间站

Personal tools
Google AdSense